Haronga madagascariensis (Lam. ex Poir.) Choisy Haronga paniculata (Pers.) Lodd. ex Steud. Common names: Mukaranga (Shona) Mutseti (Shona) Mutsotso . PDF | Leaf and stem essential oils of Harungana madagascariensis Lam. ex Poir, [an endangered medicinal Hypericaceae] were obtained in. Harungana (Harungana madagascariensis) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Harungana is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation.

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Petioles and twigs produce an orange exudate. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with madagasscariensis restrictions federal and state legislation, and local government laws directly or indirectly related to each control method. But single stamen can also be found occasionally. Copyright Barry Jago 10th leaf stage.

Weeds of Australia – Biosecurity Queensland Edition Fact Sheet

Young leaves are sometimes used to treat asthma. Young leaves at stem apex flattened together; hence the common name “praying hands”. This species was probably cultivated as an ornamental tree in gardens the wetter parts of northern Australia. Altitudinal range from near sea level to about m. Endocarp surface is hard which makes it difficult to cut. Sheldon Navie young leaves pressed together Photo: Sepals marked by maroon dots and streaks.

Flowers small, about mm diam. Kirkia 19 1 Page The stems are covered with fine star-shaped i. Leaves opposite, elliptic, up to 20 cm long, dark shiny green above, densely covered in rusty hairs below; margin entire. This species does not produce edible fruit and has no apparent use. In Sierra Leone, the plant flowering begins in May and reaches its maximum in August and September, then tapers off around December.


Branches and young leaves exude a bright orange coloured sap when damaged.

A potential weed of disturbed rainforests, forest gaps and margins, roadsides and drainage areas in tropical and sub-tropical regions. Retrieved from ” https: Leaf blade underside is covered with stellate hairs or scales. Articles with ‘species’ microformats Wikipedia articles needing clarification from December All articles with madagascariensie statements Articles with unsourced statements from August Taxonbars using multiple manual Wikidata items.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. It is widely distributed from South Africa to Sudan.

Native to tropical Africa i. Ovary is marked by dark glandular spots.

The plant has red sap. Fruit in hwrungana, mm in diameter, greenish-orange to red when ripe. Insects associated with this species: In Southern Africa, flowering can be observed from January to April and fruiting season lasts until October.

These fruit turn brown as they ripen and are borne in large clusters at the tips of the branches. Click on images to enlarge habit in flower Photo: Cotyledons broadly spathulate, margins marked with dark ‘oil’ glands, petioles relatively long and slender.

The tree is not used commercially because it rarely grows to merchantable size.

This species has become quite common in disturbed coastal lowland rain forest and has the capacity to spread further. Endocarp hard, difficult to cut. Cotyledons broadly spathulatemargins marked with dark madagaxcariensis glands, petioles relatively long and slender. This harungaan can be a troublesome weed in lowland areas in NEQ. Stalks and calyx are covered with short rusty hairs. Young leaves are distinctive due to it brown lower surface.


Seeds are susceptible to insect attack.

Harungana – Wikipedia

The leaves are oppositely arranged, and the young leaves at the tips of the branches are tightly pressed together i. This species reproduces mainly by seed, but it also spreads laterally madagascareinsis the development of suckers from its roots. Click on each image to madagascarienais a larger version and details of the record View all images Derivation of specific name: However, people sometimes use the light wood to make poles for building houses.

The small rounded fruit 2. The plant grows in an area where other plants with a Madagascan origin appear to have become naturalized.

The precise point of introduction may have been Frenchman Creek where a family from Mauritius settled in Harungana madagascariensis can be found in medium to low altitudes in evergreen forest, usually around the forest margins and along river banks. The branches of these flower clusters are covered with coarse rusty-coloured hairs and the fragrant flowers are dotted kadagascariensis black glands i. Harungana madagasacariensis can be used in various ways. Struik, South Africa Pages –