This standard is issued under the fixed designation C ; the number immediately 1 This test method is under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee C09 on. All the Controls products ASTM C standard. Enter now!. Originally approved in Last previous edition approved in as C – 05a. 2 For referenced ASTM standards, visit the ASTM website,

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Lithium compounds have also been used, but they may be cost-prohibitive and limited in availability. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. The cracks radiate from the interior of the aggregate out into the surrounding paste. Cracking usually appears in areas with a frequent supply of moisture. Frank Bowen, a Master Precaster graduate, received his M.

This test is similar to C with a testing period of 14 days. This is all critical to ASR to show where the reactivity is taking place. However, we must take the time to review the current ASTM standards and check our mix designs to assure material confidence.

ASTM C1260

Although cement fineness and clinker alkali content did not affect the classification in terms of potential reactivity of the aggregates used in this study, they might change the classification for the aggregates near the boundary between reactive and nonreactive aggregates.

ASR can be avoided with a proper concrete mix design. Keep in mind that some cements contain a higher proportion of potassium c2160 K 2 SO 4 than sodium sulfate Na 2 SO 4.


Petrography may be used to classify an aggregate as potentially reactive, but expansion testing c160 required to determine the extent of the reactivity and appropriate levels of prevention.

Cement mill certificates contain information that can prove useful for tracking changes in your concrete and controlling variability in your mix design. Stanton, began his research on a few of these structures and found an expansive reaction between cement and aggregate taking place.

The results show that mortar-bar expansion was promoted with increased cement fineness regardless of clinker alkali, aggregate reactivity, or soak solution normality. In addition to the standard 1 N NaOH solution, a 0.

This repository is part of the Iowa Research Commons. When siliceous aggregate is attacked by an alkali solution, it is converted to a viscous alkali silicate gel. Ask your aggregate provider first for test results before contacting a laboratory.

Consequently, the two tests are often run together.

Alkali metals, for example, which are found in the far left column of the periodic table, have a single electron in their outermost band. You have just begun the journey into understanding your own materials as they relate to ASR.

While the fundamental physical and chemical reactions remain poorly understood, it is well known that ASR destroys the durability of concrete and can cause serious maintenance and reconstruction costs. Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications. This new ASTM standard and related AASHTO provisional standard provides detailed protocols and guidelines using previous ASR testing data, petrography and historical performance to provide a prescriptive decision-making process for mitigation.


For ASR to occur, four things must be present: This is aetm result of a number of sequential reactions. However, some cases of concrete failure could not be attributed to either of these causes, prompting atm deeper investigation.

Highly reactive aggregate tended to be more sensitive to asstm fineness and alkalinity.

ASTM C, Test equipment Controls

Metal atoms lose the electron, or electrons, in their highest energy level and become positively charged ions. Great article that asgm a simplified overview of ASR, expansion testing, and mitigation techniques. However, this chemical approach, which alters the reaction gel to a less expansive nature, has us in what I feel to be the right direction.

If you compare this with the composition ast, your aggregates, you should give yourself a pat on the back. This test exposes specimens to a solution of sodium hydroxide NaOH. Signs of ASR are typically random map-cracking and spalled concrete. As stated earlier, many precasters will not have issues with ASR.

A petrographic examination of aggregate will give a comprehensive description of the aggregate source and quantify the various rock and mineral constituents present. If you can read like a chemist, it looks like this: