Secondary angle closure glaucoma resulting from total anterior synechia leads to gradual bulging of the cornea. Corneal exposure can result in chronic keratitis. Looking for online definition of anterior staphyloma in the Medical Dictionary? anterior staphyloma explanation free. What is anterior staphyloma? Meaning of. histopathological features of congenital corneal staphyloma are discussed, as well as the possible anteroposterior length, with an abnormal anterior segment .

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It is diagnosed by ophthalmoscopy, which shows an area of retinal excavation in the region of the staphyloma. Acquired anterior staphylomas most frequently occurs because of untreated perforated ulcers 1.

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July 30, ; Accepted: B Acquired anterior staphyloma following a corneal ulcer with a severe bulging of the right eye at the time of the surgery.

Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Is it OK to fast if I have central serous chorioretinopathy? A staphyloma is an abnormal protrusion of the uveal tissue through a weak point in the eyeball.

Slit-lamp examination anteroir the right eye revealed an inflamed conjunctiva, a total epithelial defect, a large 5.

Our patient underwent a large sclerokeratoplasty; however, because of the loss to follow-up, we do not know the possible complications he could postoperatively develop.

Congenital Corneal Staphyloma

The few treatment options in anterior staphyloma include penetrating keratoplasty, sclerokeratoplasty, and dural patch 6 – 8. He denied any previous contact lens use, trauma, or ocular surgery. Secondary angle closure glaucoma resulting from total anterior synechia leads to gradual bulging of the cornea.

Open in a separate window. Staphyloma occur in the front of the eye mostly as a response to trauma or infection in stapjyloma the scleral architecture has been disturbed and the internal pressure of the eye stretches the weak point causing the protrusion and typical appearance.


He was homeless and admitted to using crack cocaine daily over the past 4 months. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC.

Anterior staphyloma | definition of anterior staphyloma by Medical dictionary

The optic disk, retina and sclera appeared normal. Due to severe deformity of the blind eye, we considered enucleation to be the most appropriate treatment. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Corneal exposure can result in chronic keratitis, epithelial metaplasia and keratinization. Combined, all these potential factors create a favorable environment for infections.

Congenital Corneal Staphyloma

Anterior staphylomas can result from untreated crack-cocaine-associated corneal ulcers, and managing these cases can be very difficult because of the high risk of non-compliance. Thank you Your feedback has anterio sent. Sclerokeratoplasty versus penetrating keratoplasty in anterior staphyloma.

External disease and cornea.

This article does not cite any sources. Our patient admitted to smoking crack cocaine for 4 months and also on the day of admission. Posterior staphylomas are more commonly congenital at birth or as a manifestation of more extreme myopia nearsightedness. The donor graft was prepared freehand and sutured to the recipient scleral bed with nylon; the knots were rotated into the patient’s sclera Figure 2.

Such manifestations result from many factors, ranging from direct drug effects to the social environment xtaphyloma the patient. Acquired anterior staphyloma occurs subsequent to corneal perforation, usually following untreated or non-responding infective keratitis 1. The crystalline lens was found to be anteriog place.

anterior staphyloma

There is no specific treatment for this condition but some have applied banked sclera to reinforce anterior staphylomas that appear threatening to erode into the eye. The protrusion is generally black in colour, due to the inner layers of the eye. He was the result of a normal full-term pregnancy and there had been no ocular discharge at birth. On microscopic examination, the cornea staphhloma diffuse ectasia and the corneal epithelium showed hyperkeratosis, parakeratosis, acanthosis and irregular elongation of rete pegs.


In the posterior segment of the eye, typically diagnosed at the region of the optic nerve or maculaanteror the eye in a way that the eye-length is extended associated with myopia nearsightedness.

Why has my near vision gotten worse since etaphyloma cataract surgery two weeks ago? Left eye examination revealed inferior superficial punctate keratopathy without the evidence of an infection. Most Viewed content is not available. Clinical aspects of congenital anomalies of the cornea and sclera; pp. A few cases of acquired anterior staphyloma associated with drug abuse have been reported in the literature.

No specific financial support was available for this study. In conclusion, drug abuse remains a common problem nowadays. Histopathological examination of two cases of anterior staphyloma associated with Peters’ anomaly and persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous. The conjunctiva was closed, and subconjunctival antibiotics and steroids were injected. Bilateral, congenital, dermis-like choristoma overlying corneal staphyloma. It may be of 5 types, depending on the location on the eyeball bulbus oculi.

It was noted that the entire lesion was filled with an aqueous humor, and the iris was adherent to a fibrous membrane that had replaced the cornea. None of the authors have any potential conflicts of interest to disclose. InMcHenry et al. Irritation caused by caustic fumes promotes mechanical trauma from vigorous eye rubbing on the face of an already altered epithelial framework and hypoesthetic state. Unfortunately, the patient was again lost to follow-up and never returned following the procedure.

These two conditions differ only in the presence of uveal lining of the cornea in congenital staphyloma.