In his seminal lecture “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” Alasdair MacIntyre contrasts patriotism with the liberal commitment to certain universal values. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must. Is Patriotism a Virtue [Alasdair MacIntyre] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
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I find patriotism to be a function of the unconscious shortsighted, cavedwelling instinctual fears that inhabit the human mind actively ventriloquizing a disturbingly large segment of the public. It tends to encourage militarism, and makes for international tension and conflict.
No keywords specified fix it. I give my political loyalty to no program.
Reprinted with a postscript in Primoratz ed. In fact, most of book 1 of the Politics is dedicated to showing how politics is fundamentally different from other forms of association. Citizenship has intrinsic value because in virtue of being a citizen a person is a member of a collective body in which they enjoy equal status with its other members and are thereby provided with recognition.
In view of the disastrous record of national socialism, it is not surprising that Patrootism thinkers in particular should be suspicious of patriotism as long as it has not been dissociated from nationalism. There is now a lively philosophical debate about the moral credentials of patriotism that shows no signs of abating.
James Gafney – – In Igor Primoratz ed. For instance, one who denies that she has an obligation of special concern for the well-being of her friend shows that she no longer perceives and treats the person concerned as a friend, that as far as she is concerned the friendship is gone.
Related Entries communitarianism consequentialism cosmopolitanism egoism impartiality loyalty nationalism obligations: Yet there is a gap between the two claims, and the latter, stronger case for moderate patriotism still needs to be made.
Thomas Mertens – – European Journal of Philosophy 4 3: As early aspolitical theorist Dolf Sternberger called for a new understanding of the concept of fatherland. Another aspect of the Aristotelian ethics is that virtue lies in the middle.
Patriotism raises questions of the sort philosophers characteristically discuss: In particular, citizens have an obligation to each other to participate fully in public life and an obligation to give priority to the needs of fellow citizens.
Since the rise of the nation-state, it has been widely held that some form of nationalism is indispensable as a pre-political basis of the unity of the state that makes for solidarity among citizens and provides them with motivation to participate in public life and make sacrifices for the common good. Freedom is only a certain sociopolitical situation that we might attain if we do not first go extinct. As a rule, when someone is wronged, someone else benefits from that.
Patriotism, on this view, is essential for living a morally good life. There is nothing to be said for it, morally speaking.
If a benefit is conferred inadvertently, or advisedly but for the wrong reason e.
燈油火蠟剪貼簿: Alasdair MacIntyre: “Is Patriotism a Virtue?”
While patriotism of the more usual, worldly kind is neither morally required nor virtuous, but at best morally permitted, ethical patriotism can, under certain fairly common circumstances, be a moral duty Primoratz But in macintyrr course of the 20 th century nationalism was deeply compromised.
Nationalism is about power: She will also patrioitsm it to live up to certain standards and thereby deserve her support, devotion, and special concern for its well-being.
The same moral value, sympathy for and assistance to people in need, grounds a certain degree of concern for others as a general moral duty and explains why a significantly higher degree of such concern is a moral ideal.
The question does not admit of a single answer. At another level, we can and ought to reflect on such commitments and attachments from a universal, impartial point pateiotism view, to delineate their proper scope and determine their weight. There is also no reason though that your being alive, is any more necessary than your being of organic matter, and here we can see that making ethical appeals to conventionally decided upon universals quickly breaks down.
What is the case for the claim that moderate patriotism is morally mandatory — that we have a duty of special concern for the well-being of our country and compatriots, similar to special duties to family or friends? Thus, we have relationships with those around us — with our families and the communities virte live in. If patriotism is neither a moral pateiotism nor a supererogatory virtue, then all its moral pretensions have been deflated. Among those who do not, quite a few have made the distinction in ways that are not very helpful.
MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism
And of course, most cases are as extreme as this: Authenticity and the Project of Modernity. Accordingly, she forms beliefs about her country in ways different from the ways in which she forms beliefs about other countries.
At one level, we are often justified in taking into account our particular commitments and attachments, including those to our country. This leads her to hide from herself the true source of some of the beliefs involved.
Understanding what is owed to and by me and understanding the history of the communities of which I am a part is … one and the same thing. Moderate patriotism is not exclusive. Some of these objections can easily be countered. The benefits one has received from her country might be considered relevant to the duty of patriotism in a different way: Martin Hughes – – Cogito 3 2: In such a case, partiality and particular concerns are judged to be legitimate and indeed valuable from an impartial, universal point of view.
They differ with regard to the lengths to which these interests will be promoted: One might find fault with the step from communitarianism to patriotism:. A related objection is that patriotism is exclusive in invidious and dangerous ways. His complicity is lesser and the blame to be laid at his door is lesser too — but he still bears some moral responsibility and deserves some moral blame on that account.