Classification formerly 2 phylum names 1. Coelenterata – hollow gut 2. Cnidaria – nettle. Results FILUM CNIDARIA (COELENTERATA) Drive Core Phase 1. Filum Cnidaria dan Ctenophora termasuk kelompok hewan coelenterata. 2 body types. Diploblastic- two germ layers. Phylum Cnidaria. Mesoglea not true layer. 6. Filum Cnidaria: ubur-ubur, terumbu karang, hydroids, anemone laut.

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A few mineralized fossils that resemble corals have been found in rocks from the Cambrian period, and corals diversified in the Early Ordovician. Ciliates Miozoa Acavomonadia Colponemidia Myzozoa. The mesoglea of polyps is usually thin and often soft, but that of medusae is usually thick and springy, so that it returns to its original shape after muscles around the edge have contracted to squeeze water out, enabling medusae to swim by a sort of jet propulsion.

The adults have gonads in the gastrodermand these release ova and sperm into the water in the breeding season. Coral film form some of the world’s most productive ecosystems. Swimming In reproductive behaviour: Cnidarians’ activities are coordinated by a decentralized nerve net and simple receptors. Hydrozoans have a worldwide range: In the past nematocysts were considered ffilum effectors; that is, they were thought to fire upon appropriate stimulation, without mediation by the nervous system.

At least four hypotheses have been proposed: Some, however, omit either the polyp or the medusa stage.


Scyphomedusae can weigh more than a ton, whereas hydromedusae are, at most, a few centimetres across. A hydromedusa alternately swims upward and sinks: Most have fringes of tentacles equipped with cnidocytes around their edges, and medusae generally have an inner ring of tentacles around the mouth.

This external skeleton underlies a continuous, superficial layer of tissue. On the other hand, some large jellyfish are considered a delicacy in East and Southeast Asia.


GONAD lay in the main body structure, or manubrium. An anthozoan coral polyp, which resembles a sea anemone, can nearly completely retract into the calcareous cup it secrets around itself. Their bodies consist of mesogleaa non-living jelly-like substance, sandwiched between two layers of epithelium that are mostly one cell thick.

In other cases, the anemones take the initiativesomersaulting from a now-empty shell onto the newly obtained one. Within the Cnidaria, the Anthozoa sea anemones and corals are regarded as the sister-group of the rest, which suggests that the earliest cnidarians were sessile polyps with no medusa stage.

FILUM CNIDARIA (COELENTERATA) by Lilastika Cattri on Prezi

Feedback Privacy Policy Feedback. Pennatulacean colonies move slowly across soft substrata by action of their inflatable peduncle a stalk that attaches to the strata in the lower end and to the polyp body on the higher end.

The major distinguishing feature of the cubozoans is that each polyp transforms entirely into a medusa. In addition to epitheliomuscular, nerve and interstitial cells, the inward-facing gastroderm “stomach skin” contains gland cells that secrete digestive enzymes.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Some scientists believe that nervous complexes associated with batteries groups of cnidae are the mechanism of control. Carbon dioxide produced in respiration may be used by the algae in photosynthesis. Click on the buttons below to learn more about Cnidaria. Anemone fishes serve their hosts by driving away fishes that prey on anemones.

Some hydroids may consist of colonies of zooids that serve different purposes, such as defense, reproduction and catching prey. Chlorophyta Streptophyta Chlorokybophyceae Mesostigmatophyceae Spirotaenia. In some anthozoans gilum a few scyphomedusae, eggs are fertilized without being released.

Shorter Oxford Cnidariaa Dictionary. In some species it also contains low concentrations of cnidocytes, which are used to subdue prey that is still struggling.

The fibres and jelly are elastic. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. After a motile period, the planula attaches by its forward end to a solid object and develops tentacles around its posterior end, thereby transforming into a polyp.


It is difficult to study the firing mechanisms of cnidocytes as cnnidaria structures are small but very complex. The main components of a cnidocyte are: In hydrozoans, the polyp phase is more conspicuous than the medusa phase in groups such as hydroids and hydrocorals.

Hence, cnidarians and ctenophores have traditionally been labelled diploblasticalong with sponges.

This grouping of Cnidaria and Bilateria has been labelled ” Planulozoa ” because it suggests that the earliest Bilateria were similar to the planula larvae of Cnidaria. These include gas-filled floats called pneumatophorespulsating, locomotory structures called nectophores, and flattened, protective individuals called bracts or phyllozooids. Since these animals have no heads, their ends are described as “oral” nearest the mouth and “aboral” furthest from the mouth.

Stauromedusae, small sessile cnidarians with stalks and no medusa stage, have traditionally been classified as members of the Scyphozoa, but recent research suggests they should be regarded as a separate class, Staurozoa.

Journal of Experimental Biology.

Introduction to Cnidaria

The latter type of skeleton is delicate and typical of quiet waters at depth cnidaris in lagoons, while the former two predominate where water motion is strong. The tubule may be adhesiveor it may entangle the object. For example, gastrozooids bear tentacles and are specialized for feeding.

Dog, Canis lupus familiarisdomestic mammal of the family Canidae order Carnivora. Some, such as colonial corals with minute polyps, feed on particulate material gathered in mucus impelled to the mouth by cilia microscopic hairlike projections of cells capable of beating or waving.