Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle-Eastern . Haoma and Harmaline: The Botanical Identity of the Indo-Iranian Sacred Hallucinogen “Soma” and Its Legacy in Religion, Language, and Middle Eastern . Haoma is a divine plant in Zoroastrianism and in later Persian culture and mythology. Haoma has its origins in Indo-Iranian religion and is the cognate of Vedic.

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Thus, when, 67 Copyrighted material 68 Haoma and Harmatinc, Part I about a quarter of an hour after the rite begins, the zaotar is handed the “haoma” to drink, it consists of an exiracl which has been pressed out from two plants. Avestan maSa- ‘intoxication, intoxicant, alcoholic beverage’:: So you might only need the MAOI the DMT can be self produced by controlled breathing Dhikr – Upward beams indicating inhalation and downward beams indicating exhalation sonofsnow attached the following image s: The same virtue is claimed in hao,a Horn Yasht: The situation with, for example, Russian xmeV ‘hops, intoxica- tion’ is different, for here hops would be associated with the production of an intoxicant beverage introduced by another people.

The priests, who by this time may anyway have had no need for the intoxicant plant, would have tended to stop using it.

Staff View: Haoma and harmaline :

The same consideration may have lead to abandoning the consumption of Ruia graveolens in the dron rite, although in general the representation of sauma by pomegranate is the more ancient practice, since pomegranate is a native plant. Those liturgies were memorized and transmitted orally and hwrmaline down only haomw later.

Protection, son of Protection art thou, lofty is thy throne. Similar verses are seen in E. O Prophet of God. All material things and creatures exist simultaneously in spirit form. Visions are no longer sought from the rituals representing the use of sauma and the original plant is therefore not consumed in them. Aaoirom baire 1 carry on me haoma.

II, ; Klingenschmitt The use of the term haoma in the Avesta is explicable because of the relevance of the preparation of the plant to that textual tradition, but ” plant pressed harmalihe with mortar” seems to be a means of referring to harmzline plant without naming it rather than to be itself a phytonym.


In both cases I the plant extract is the basis of mixtures with other psychoactive plants: As happened in Iran, when Rula was introduced into India, it must have acquired the names of the wild species it most resembles, that is, Peganum harmala. The same individuals who felt at ease in this reality — being able to walk, write or talk with comfort— were those who felt at ease in their visions, these not being nightmares but beautiful scenes.

This prologue demonstrates the belief that pharmacologically induced visions were the means to religious knowledge and ad they were at the basis of the religion that the Magi claimed to have received from Zoroaster.

Haoma – Wikipedia

That it aided courage and insight are also promising attributes. In the present context asito may be either nominative plural of a root-stem asit- or nominative singular of the participle asita- r agreeing with drafSo.

This theory seems to be an elaboration ol the historically uncritical view of pious Brahmans that the Vedas reflect a golden age which ended when the gods withdrew from this wicked world, taking with them the source of divine ecstasy, the soma plant. Encounters with human incarnations of plants are often reported by harmalihe users; indeed, the skills of the yage healers studied by Luna and are only learned by means of encounters after drinking yag6 with a human incarnation of the Banistcriopsis plant.

G, WaUOfl [ and The Horn Yasht differs in content and form of expression from most of the text now surrounding it in the Yasna see Schlerath I harmxline all he Haomas.

Anklesaria and H. Part of a series on Zoroastrianism Atar firea primary symbol of Zoroastrianism. The ascription of these powers to Ruta graveolens is probably not historically independent of their assignment to Peganum harmala Since Peganum harmala has borne names meaning ‘sacred’ since Proto- Iranian times, it is likely its cthnobotanic importance as a source of supernatural powers is far older, and that Greeks exposed to Iranian beliefs about harme!

The legendary origin of Ihese six holy days is recounted in a letter sent from the priests of central Iran to Zoroastrians in India in in response to the discovery that Rute graveolens was not being used in the rituals of the Indian congregations.


The beneficent god has placed thee upon High Haraiti. Germanic, Baltic and Slavic given by Pokorny Sogdian jJayne, Khivarezmian ftaynak, Ossefic bmjmeg.

Is directly endorsed by Cod: By the grace of the King of Men, turn away misfortune and pain. Aitchison, The plant, as Falk also established, requires a cool and dry climate, i. Sauma ceremonies developed among a nomadic population and must have taken place in open country. Neither the mountain rue known in Europe, Ruta monlana L.

This would have been regarded as a defilement of the plant which could not be prevented. Since the late 18th century, wnd Anquetil-Duperron baoma others made portions of the Avesta available to western abd, several scholars have sought a representative botanical equivalent of the haoma as described in the texts and as used in living Zoroastrian practice.

Thou O sprig, givest salvation and not perdition, for thou make them strong and art a healer, thou workest healing and yieldest not Copyrighted material The Evidence of Zoroastrian Rituals 73 nized for many centuries as a medicine, it is not regarded as intoxicating and its consumption lacks ceremonial or religious associations. There is a formal difficulty involved in Bailey’s comparison.

Ephedra was essentially linked with the extract drunk during the ceremonies.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. Open Preview See a Problem? By being willing to take the role of zaotar, one would demonstrate his preparedness to expose his soul to judgment by the spirits and haraline his confidence that other priests would recognize his spiritual acceptability. The latter development could not have taken place if.

Haoma & Harmaline

Whatever else is done besides this is unknown to outsiders. The A vesta clearly indicates there was more than a single haoma, Haoma is pouru. The recipes are various, for instance: The Pahlavi recommends burning duroS i. The need to mollify Muslim suspicions of sorcery The most important of these studies is R- Gordon Wasson’s Soma: This shows that the ab-zdhr origi- nally contained sauma.