tego samego autora (Samolubny gen, Fenotyp rozszerzony i Ślepy zegarmistrz ). Dawkins zaczyna książkę od z pozoru zaskakującego, ale prawdziwego. The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkins, in which the author builds upon the principal theory of George C. Williams’s Adaptation and. geny = naśladownictwo(replikacja). naśladownictwo = teoria memów. Dziękujemy za uwage!!! Richard Dawkins.,,Samolubny Gen,,. Mutacja.
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In Mind in Lifethe philosopher Evan Thompson has assembled a multi-sourced objection to the “selfish gene” idea. His contention is that the genes that are passed on are the ones whose evolutionary consequences serve gem own implicit interest to continue the anthropomorphism in being replicated, not necessarily those of the organism. With altruism this will happen only if the affected individual is a relative of the altruist, therefore having an increased chance of carrying the gene.
Niniejsza edycja, autorsko przejrzana, dawknis na jubileuszowym wydaniu brytyjskim z okazji trzydziestolecia pierwszego wydaniazawiera nowe Wprowadzenie autora. The Selfish Gene was first published by Oxford University Press in in eleven chapters with a preface by the author and a foreword by Robert Trivers.
Gene activation depends upon the cellular milieu. The Evolution of Human Sexuality Paperback ed. He considers the origin of life with the arrival of molecules able to replicate themselves.
Other authors say Dawkins has failed to make some critical distinctions, in particular, the difference between group selection for group advantage and group selection conveying individual advantage. He writes in The Evolution of Human Sexuality The Selfish Gene au: Contemporary Scientific Psychology Reprint of ed.
However, from a comparison with Dawkins’ discussion of this very same point, samolubn would seem both Gould’s and Dover’s comments are more a critique of his sloppy usage than a difference of views.
An improvement in the survival lottery for the group must improve that for the gene for sufficient replication to occur. Dawkins says that his “purpose” in writing The Selfish Gene is “to examine the biology of selfishness and altruism.
Experiments conducted over many years by social psychologists have revealed how swiftly and decisively people divide into groups, and then discriminate in favor of the one to which they belong.
Principles Of Comparative Psychology Digital printing of ed. The book contains no illustrations.
Behavioural genetics entertains the view:. According to Godfrey-Smith, this more careful vocabulary has cleared up “misunderstandings in the “units of selection” debates.
The philosopher Mary Midgley has suggested this position is a dawkns of Hobbes’ explanation dawmins altruism as enlightened self-interestand that Dawkins goes a step further to suggest that our genetic programming can be overcome by what amounts to an extreme version of free will.
An extended discussion of the contrasts between enactivism and Dawkins’ views, and with their support by Dennettis provided by Thompson. Views Read Edit View history. Compatibility between Cultural and Biological Approaches.
Altruism too dakins evolve, as in the social insects such as ants and bees, where workers give up the right to reproduce in favour of a sister, the queen; in their case, the unusual haplodiploid system of sex determination may have helped to bring this about, as females in a nest are exceptionally closely related.
Stephen Jay Gould finds Dawkins’ position tries to have it both ways: The Selfish Gene is a book on evolution by Richard Dawkinsin which the author builds upon the principal theory of George C. A lineage is expected to evolve to maximise its inclusive fitness —the number of copies of its genes passed on globally rather than by a particular individual. Book ratings by Goodreads. Kern; Keller, Laurent For other uses, see Selfish gene disambiguation. Other books in this series.
Samolubny gen – Richard Dawkins – Google Books
In the foreword to the book’s 30th-anniversary edition, Dawkins said he “can readily see that [the book’s title] might give an inadequate impression of its contents” and in retrospect thinks he should have taken Tom Maschler ‘s advice and called the book The Immortal Gene.
This page was last edited on 8 Decemberat How a scientist changed the way we think. A discussion follows of Axelrod and Hamilton’s “Tit for tat” strategy. Dalej niz boska czastka Leon M Lederman.
A question is whether parents should invest in their offspring equally or should favour some of them, and explains that what is best for the survival of the parents’ genes is not always best for dawkinw children. Hamilton and others who opposed group selection and selection aimed directly at benefit to the individual dawkkns The Best Books of Looking for beautiful books? Ayer ‘s Language, Truth, and Logic It was accompanied by a festschrift entitled Richard Dawkins: This edition added two extra chapters, and substantial endnotes to the preceding chapters, reflecting new findings and thoughts.