Laborem exercens. Enciclica. [GIOVANNI PAOLO II -] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Bologna, EDB, , fascicolo in – 16mo, punto. Available in the National Library of Australia collection. Format: Book; 32 p. ; 21 cm. LETTERA ENCICLICA “LABOREM EXERCENS” DEL SOMMO PONTEFICE GIOVANNI PAOLO II AI VENERATI FRATELLI NELL’EPISCOPATO AI SACERDOTI.
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The pope was not able to issue the document on the May 15 anniversary because of the assassination attempt two days earlier. We should also consider here the prospect of worldwide catastrophe in the case of a nuclear war, which would have almost unimaginable possibilities of destruction.
This twofold commitment is certainly supported by the painful experience of the two great world wars which in the course of the last ninety years have convulsed many European countries and, at least partially, countries in other continents.
Recently, national communities and international organizations have turned their attention to encilica question connected with work, execrens full of implications: The concept of indirect employer includes both persons and institutions of various kinds, and also collective labour contracts and the principles of conduct which are laid down by these persons and institutions and which determine the whole socioeconomic system or are its result Thus it is necessary to proclaim and promote the dignity of work, of all work but especially of agricultural work, in which man so eloquently “subdues” the earth he has received as a gift from God and affirms his “dominion” in the visible encicllca.
In the modern period, from the beginning of the industrial age, the Christian truth about work had to oppose the various trends of materialistic and economistic thought. All this pleads in favour of the moral obligation to link industriousness as a virtue with the social order of work, which will enable man alborem become, in work, “more a encidlica being” and not be degraded by it not only because of the wearing out of his physical strength which, at least up to a execrens point, is inevitablebut especially through damage to the dignity and subjectivity that are proper to him.
Finally, we must say at least a few words on the subject of emigration in search of work. It is familiar to all workers and, since work is a universal calling, it is familiar to everyone.
As we view the whole human family throughout the world, we cannot fail to be struck by a disconcerting fact of immense proportions: Another sector regarding benefits is the sector associated with the right to rest.
It will redound to the credit of society to make it possible for a mother-without inhibiting her freedom, without psychological or practical discrimination, and without penalizing her as compared with other women-to devote herself to taking care of her children and educating them in accordance with their needs, which vary with age. Throughout this period, which is by no means yet over, the issue of work kaborem of course been posed on the basis of the great conflict that in the age of, and together with, industrial development emerged between “capital” and “labour”, that is to say between the small but highly influential group of entrepreneurs, owners encicoica holders of the means of production, and the broader multitude of people who lacked these means and who shared in the process of production solely by their labour.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
laborek From this point of view, therefore, in consideration of human labour and of common access to the goods meant for man, one cannot exclude the socialization, in suitable conditions, of certain means of production. Thus everything that is at the service of work, everything that in the present state of technology constitutes its ever more highly perfected “instrument”, is the result of work. However, it is also a fact that, in some instances, technology can cease to be man’s ally and become almost his enemy, as when the mechanization of work “supplants” him, taking away all personal satisfaction and the incentive to creativity and responsibility, when it deprives many workers of their previous employment, or when, through exalting the machine, enciclicz reduces man to the status of its slave.
Agricultural work involves considerable difficulties, including unremitting and sometimes exhausting physical effort and a lack of appreciation on the part of society, to the point of making agricultural people feel that they are social outcasts and of speeding up the phenomenon of their mass exodus from the countryside to the cities and unfortunately to still more dehumanizing living conditions.
This way of stating the issue contained a fundamental error, what we can call the error of economism, that of considering human labour solely according to its economic purpose.
In the context of the present there is no more important way for securing a just relationship between the worker and the employer than that constituted by remuneration for work. This truth has important and decisive consequences. Given this way of understanding things, and presupposing that different sorts of work that people do can have greater or lesser objective value, let us try nevertheless to show that each sort is judged above all by the measure of the dignity of the subject of work, that is to say the person, the individual who carries it out.
From that time, worker solidarity, together with a clearer and more committed realization by others of workers’ rights, has in many cases brought about profound changes. In a modern work-space it becomes very complex to establish ownership rights. One method used by unions in pursuing the just rights of their members is the strike or work stoppage, as a kind of ultimatum to the competent bodies, especially the employers. One organization fostering such initiatives on the international level is the International Labour Organization, the oldest specialized agency of the United Nations Organization.
All that has been said thus far on the dignity of work, on the objective and subjective dimension of human work, can be directly applied to the question of agricultural work and to the situation of the person who cultivates the earth by toiling in the fields.
The recent stage of human history, especially that of certain societies, brings a correct affirmation of technology as a basic coefficient of economic progress; but, at the same time, this affirmation has been accompanied by and continues to be accompanied by the raising of essential questions concerning human work in relationship to its subject, which is man.
Relating herself to man, she seeks to express the eternal designs and transcendent destiny which the living God, the Creator and Redeemer, has linked with him. Union demands cannot be turned into a kind of group or class “egoism”, although they can and should also aim at correcting-with a view to the common good of the whole of society- everything defective in the system of ownership of the means of production or in the way these are managed.
I must however first touch on a very important field of questions in which her teaching has taken shape in this latest period, the one marked and in a sense symbolized by the publication of the Encyclical Rerum Novarum. But even in the economically developed countries, where scientific research, technological achievements and State policy have brought agriculture to a very advanced level, the right to work can be infringed when the farm workers are denied the possibility of sharing in decisions concerning their services, or when they are denied the right to free association with a view to their just advancement socially, culturally and economically.
Laborem exercens – Wikipedia
The world of agriculture, which provides society with the goods it needs for its daily sustenance, is of fundamental eexercens. A Reflection on the Shoah Dominus Iesus. Divini redemptoris Mit brennender Sorge Non abbiamo bisogno Quadragesimo anno.
This means of checking concerns above all the family.
In dialectical materialism too man is not first and foremost the subject of work and the efficient cause of the production process, but continues to be understood and treated, in dependence on what is material, as a kind of “resultant” of the economic or production relations prevailing at a given period. Such remuneration can be given either through what is called a family wage- that is, a single salary given to the head of the family fot his work, sufficient for the needs of the family without the other spouse having to take up gainful employment outside the home-or through other social measures such as family allowances or grants to mothers devoting themselves exclusively to their families.
Catalog Record: Sobre el trabajo humano (Laborem exercens) | Hathi Trust Digital Library
He urges unions to view their struggle as a positive struggle for social justice, rather than a struggle against an opponent. Among these rights there should never be overlooked the right to a working environment and to manufacturing processes which are not harmful to the workers’ physical health or to their moral integrity.
This is a vast sector of work on our planet, a sector not restricted to one or other continent, nor limited to the societies which have already attained a certain level of development and progress.
As mentioned above, property is acquired first of all through work in order that it may serve work. And if the solution-or rather the gradual solution-of the social question, which keeps coming up and becomes ever more complex, must be sought in the direction of “making life more human” 8then the key, namely human work, acquires fundamental and decisive importance.
In order to achieve social justice in the various parts of the world, in the various countries, and in the relationships between them, there is a need for ever new movements of solidarity of the workers and with the workers.