Cambridge Core – Nineteenth-Century Music – Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise – edited by Hugh Macdonald. Berlioz’s orchestration treatise is a classic textbook which has been used as – Berlioz’s Orchestration Treatise: A Translation and Commentary -. revise the “Treatise on Instrumentation” by Hector. Berlioz . composition and orchestration with therich expressive On the other hand, even Berlioz’ orchestral.

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But when multiplied by many instruments playing in unison, it results in magnificent nuances and irresistible surges of emotion that penetrate to the depth of the heart. But in the thousand combinations that are possible with the monumental orchestra we have just described there would reside a harmonic richness, a variety of sounds, a succession of contrasts, which cannot be compared with anything that has been achieved in art to this day. An orchestra with a thousand wind instruments, and a chorus of two thousand voices, if placed in an open plain will not have one twentieth of the musical effectiveness of an ordinary orchestra of eighty musicians and a chorus of a hundred voices carefully arranged in the hall of the Conservatoire.

Grand traité d’instrumentation et d’orchestration modernes, Op.10 (Berlioz, Hector)

This sad murmur and the faint sound of this solo, reproducing a melody already heard in an earlier piece, have always struck audiences deeply. From a poetical orchestdation of view, this art is as little susceptible of berlooz taught as that of inventing beautiful melodies, fine successions of chords or rhythmic forms that have originality and power.

Gluck and Beethoven have shown a wonderful understanding of the uses of this valuable instrument, and it is to the oboe that they both owe the deep feelings aroused by some of the most beautiful passages in their music. The editing by Richard Strauss tfeatise nothing but enhance the work, adding his comments on the more modern versions of the instruments etc. Thus the ritornello in the trio from Robert le Diable [by Meyerbeer ], “mon fils, mon fils, ma tendresse assidue”, is well suited to the cornet.

One may mention here that the usual practice in the orchestra is to divide the violins into two groups, first and second, but there is no reason why they should not each be subdivided further into two or three parts, depending on what the composer is trying to achieve.

But the expression of its tone and its sonority are such that it can be used in any kind of piece. Slow and gentle melodies, which too often are given to wind instruments, are never better orchestratikn than by a mass of violins.


Back to Home Page. It may be possible to combine the organ with the different elements that build up the orchestra, and this has been done several times. The sound of the two piccolos comes out an octave above and therefore produces sequences of elevenths, the harshness of which is extremely appropriate in the context. Hunting fanfares only sound joyful when they are played on hunting horns, a rather unmusical instrument, whose strident and brash sound does not in any way resemble the chaste and reserved voice of the horns.

Instead, the strong beat of every bar is struck, the orchestra is crushed, the voices obliterated; nothing is left, neither melody, nor harmony, nor line; even the tonality barely emerges. But the player must never attack them with force, orchesgration they then produce a dry and hard sound, rather like the sound made when breaking a glass, and this is unpleasant and irritating.

Almost at once a new kind of pedantry arose: This beautiful instrumental soprano voice, so sonorous and rich in penetrating inflexions when used in large numbers, gains when played solo in delicacy, elusive nuances, and mysterious sympathy what it loses in power and brightness.

The result is that many effects are berluoz with opera orchestras and numerous delicate nuances go for nothing, even when the playing is of the highest standard. A vigorous treatiae rhythm in a vast choral piece or a frenzied dance gains a great deal by being played not by a single pair of cymbals but by four, six, ten or even more, depending on the size of the venue and the numbers of the other instruments and voices.

Learn more about Amazon Prime. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. I have never been able to hear from a distance military music without being deeply moved by the feminine timbre of clarinets and being filled with images of that kind, as after the reading of ancient epic poems. On only one occasion has a composer thought it appropriate to use the piano in the orchestra just like any other instrument, that is to make it contribute to the ensemble its own individual resources, for which there is no available substitute.

When they were unable to think straightaway of a few notes to fill in the chords they quickly fell back on the inevitable indication col bassoand did so in such a careless way that the result was sometimes an octave doubling of the bass line which was incompatible either with the harmony, or with the melody, or with both at once.

Dover Books on Music Paperback: It cannot be shaken to produce its sound except at well spaced intervals, that is about twice in a bar orchestrahion a moderate tempo.


Written by a respected composer and orchestrator. Francs Juges overture, bar and following; Symphonie Fantastique4th movement, bar 25 and following, 49 and following; Roman Carnival overture, bar and following; Le Corsaire overture, bar and following].

Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. There is nothing more vulgar, I would even say more monstrous and less designed to blend with the rest of the orchestra than those more or less fast passages written as solos for the middle range of the ophicleide in some modern operas.

I have said that the horn is a noble and melancholy instrument, and this is true despite those joyful hunting fanfares that are often mentioned. No less terrifying in their lugubrious resonance are the exposed strokes of the gong, as M.

Read more Read less. Between the chorus and harps and pianos alone. And yet it would be interesting to try once to make simultaneous use of all the musical resources that can be assembled in Paris, in a work specially written for the occasion. An explanation of the role of particular instruments within the orchestra is also provided. Examples from Gluck […]. When used in isolation or in groups of two, three, or four, it is strikingly the timbre of horns, trombones, and brass instruments in general that marries best with them.

Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

Should it be absolutely necessary to use the oboes in a piece of this kind to give more body to the harmony and increase the power of the wind section, then at least the parts should be written in such a way that their timbre, unsuited to this style of music, should be completely covered by the other instruments and should blend with the ensemble so as to be tfeatise.

Hence its priceless ability to produce a distant sound, the echo of an echo, a sound like twilight. I know of nothing less harmonious and more vulgar that this style of instrumentation.

The most influential work of its kind ever written, appraising the musical qualities and potential of over 60 commonly used stringed, wind and percussion instruments. In his symphonies in B flat and C minor Beethoven made wonderful use of the timpani pianissimo; these superb passages lose a great deal if played with berlilz without sponge heads, even though the composer did not specify anything to that effect in his scores.