All conifers, from pine trees to leylandii to yew trees, are within the Division Pinophyta (aka Coniferophyta). The number of species in this. Division Coniferophyta: Conifers. CONIFERALES. The conifers are the most diverse (about 50 genera and species) and familiar of the. They obtain their nutrients via photosynthesis. Division – Coniferophyta ( Pinophyta). Organisms belonging to the Conifer division possess a distinct xylem and.

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The division Pinophyta consists of just one class, Pinopsida, which includes both living and fossil taxa. Subdivision of the living conifers into two or more orders has been proposed from time to time. As the microsporangia dehisce, pollen is liberated to the wind and blown away for distribution.

Female strobilus initials are formed in late summer or fall then overwinter. Whereas most conifers have two cotyledons seed leavespines can have up to fifteen. The Archegonia form in the conelet divislon fertilization of the archegonia occurs by early summer of the 2nd year, so the pollination-fertilization interval exceeds a year. What Are Five Examples of the Coniferophyta? These spores develop on separate male and female sporophylls on separate male and female cones.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pinophyta. Their known population is confined to certain forests in Utah, Nevada and California, with individual trees up to 5, years old.

Two or three archegonia form as sets of cells, each surrounding a large egg Fig. In larch, fir, and Douglas fir Pseudotsuga the ovuliferous scale is still distinct and can be seen, but in most conifers it is fused to the bract.

Trees in the Pine family are monoecious. All are wind pollinated, evolving, as they did, long before brightly coloured flowers with nectar designed to attract insects. Long-distance dispersal distances ranges from All conifers are woody, either divisin or trees, and they are largely well adapted to cold conditions and acid soils. Pollination and fertilization occurs in a single growing season. Conifer leaves conigerophyta never compound. Cordaites was a small tree with long, strap-shaped leaves.


The genera includes WiddringtoniaSequoiadendron Cupressaceae and most species of Pinus. The ranges of concentrations occurring in well-grown plants provide a useful guide by which to assess the adequacy of particular nutrients, and the ratios among the major nutrients are helpful guides to nutritional imbalances.

Plant Divisions: Conifers

Voltziales were so similar to Coniferales and the final transition was so gradual that a distinct division between the two groups is difficult to make. Megasporangiate structures of Cordaitales were somewhat similar to modern seed cones of conifers in that they had a primary shoot with sterile coniferopyyta in the bract axils were secondary shoots with fertile and sterile leaves.

Many of them seasonally alter their biochemistry to make coniverophyta more resistant to freezing. Larix and Pseudolarix are deciduous, the rest are evergreen.

Coniferophyta – Memidex dictionary/thesaurus

Swan [28] found the same effect in day-old white spruce. By the Cretaceous, there was a cone, classified in the form genus Compsostrobusthat was almost identical to a pine cone except that its bracts were longer and it was less compact. Wikispecies has information related to Pinophyta.

By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. None are epiphytes and only one is a parasite, Parasitaxus usta Podocarpaceae. Form of nitrogen affected both the total amount and relative composition of the soluble nitrogen in white spruce tissues Durzan and Steward Its members strongly resemble species of Coniferales except in some aspects of their reproduction: Japanese Umbrella Pine Sciadopitys verticillata.

The number of species in this division is quite small, approximately although some estimates are highercompared to 12, in the Bryophyta Division mosses or several hundred thousand in the Magnoliophyta Division flowering plants. The microspore pollen of pine has one cell and two large air bladders that increase its buoyancy in air. Wind and animals dispersals are two major mechanisms involved in the dispersal of conifer seeds.

Conifer reproduction is synchronous with seasonal changes in temperate zones. The seed also resembles that of a flowering plant, but it is borne in a cone, not a fruit.

Despite the literary associations of hemlock, this tree isn’t poisonous. Here is a Phylogenetic tree that shows all of the genus that are a part of the Conifer phylum.


In Cedrus atlantica, the nature comiferophyta the short shoot diviaion more obvious because it forms more needles each year and so slowly grows into a visible shoot. It is mostly found in the northern hemisphere, in tropical to arctic environments. Like all conifers, pines have both pollen cones and seed cones. Robert and Linda Mitchell into a large coenocytic megagametophyte by free nuclear divisions and may have as many as nuclei.

The venation of conifer leaves is often simple, with just one or two long veins running down the center of a needle-shaped leaf, or several parallel veins in scale-shaped leaves. First, two mitotic divisions produce two small body cells that degenerate and a large cell that divides, resulting in a generative cell and another body cell, called the tube cell.

Insects of eastern spruces, fir and, hemlock, revised edition. Female strobili initiated during late summer or autumn in a year, then overwinter until the following spring.


Leaves are usually needle-like or conifwrophyta, but there are a few with more strap shaped leaves. The pictures below are close ups on the many individual seeds that make up the matured female cone. They were overtaken by the flowering plants, which conirerophyta appeared in the Cretaceous, and became dominant in the Cenozoic era.

Durzan and Steward noted that their results, drawn from determinations made in late summer, did not rule out the occurrence of different interim responses at other times of year. These are not microsporangia but rather leaf-like structures that bear microsporangia X Tiny papery leaves occur on long shoots and in their axils are short shoots that produce conlferophyta familiar long needle leaves see Figs.

Just as in their progymnosperm ancestor Archaeopteris, the wood of modern conifers lacks vessels and their phloem lacks sieve tubes.