DEFINISI TETRALOGI FALLOT PDF

DEFINISI TETRALOGI FALLOT PDF

Definisi Tetralogi fallot (TF) adalah kelainan jantung dengan gangguan sianosis yang ditandai dengan kombinasi 4 hal yang abnormal meliputi. Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital cardiac malformation that consists of an interventricular communication, also known as a ventricular septal defect, obstruction. BAB II TETRALOGY OF FALLOT A. REVIEW ANATOMI FISIOLOGI JANTUNG Kelainan sianotik memiliki pengertian bahwa bayi mempunyai.

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Perbedaan ini terjadi karena pada sirkulasi darah fetal masih berhubungan dengan plasenta sebagai sumber oksigen dan nutrisi fetus.

More uncommonly, patients with very mild right ventricular outflow tract obstruction at birth may be diagnosed at a couple months of age as the obstruction worsens resulting in newly noticed cyanosis and teetralogi louder murmur.

Diagnosa keperawatan Setelah pengumpulan data, menganalisa datatetrxlogi ditentukan diagnosa keperawatan yang tepat sesuai dengan data yang ditemukan: This is due to upward displacement of the right ventricular apex as a consequence of the right ventricular hypertrophy, and a narrowing of the mediastinal shadow due to the hypoplastic pulmonary outflow tract.

Kelainan sianotik memiliki pengertian bahwa bayi mempunyai gejala klinis biru pada kulit dan membran mukosa bibir yang disebabkan karena peningkatan konsentrasi hemoglobin tetealogi tidak mengandung oksigen dan menurunnya aliran darah pulmonal. Total surgical repair initially carried a high mortality risk, but this has consistently improved over the years. Morphine sulfate Duramorph, Astramorph, MS Contin — Deifnisi for narcotic analgesia because of its reliable and predictable effects, safety profile, and ease of reversibility with naloxone.

Tetralogy of Fallot occurs in 3 of every 10, live births. Blalock-Tausing Shunt2 Perbaikan total berupa penutupan VSD dan reseksi stenosis infundibular, atau valvulotomy paru pemasangan patch jika dibutuhkan karena setelah prosedur blalock-taussig seiring pertumbuhan anak, kebutuhan aliran darah pulmonal semakin meningkat. Cuci rambut – Frekuensi – Cara 3. If the patient remains hypercyanotic after these measures, he or she should be paralysed and intubated, with phenylephrine administered intravenously to increase systemic vascular resistance.

Irritability and lethargy are rarely seen in patients with tetralogy of Fallot except in the setting of a hypercyanotic spell. Ventricular septal defect hole between the right and left ventricles Narrowing of the pulmonic outflow tract tube that connects the heart with the lungs An aorta tube that carries oxygenated blood to the body that arises from both ventricles, rather than exclusively from the left ventricle A thickened muscular wall of the right ventricle right ventricular hypertrophy There is flow of deoxygenated blue blood into the general body circulation and decreased blood flow to the lungs.

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Darah yang mengandung karbondioksida dari tubuh bagian atas, memasuki ventrikel kanan melalui vena cafa superior Po2 dari mm Hg. Remember me Forgot password?

Ritual saat makan 2. Infants who are born with multiple systemic-to-pulmonary collaterals and are in cardiac failure because of pulmonary overcirculation require caloric supplementation to establish a normal growth pattern. Poor ventricular function may necessitate the use of inotropic medications. Pertumbuhan Fisik cenderung lambat dibandingkan tetralpgi 2. The pulmonary valve may be hypoplastic, with abnormally functioning leaflets, often having a bifoliate configuration.

Cardiology in the Young. Pada janin manusia, yang memiliki persentase lebih besar aliran darah ke otak akan, output ventrikel kanan kurang lebih 1,3 kali aliran ventrikel kiri. Kondisi ini menyebabkan darah dari ventrikel kanan memasuki ventrikel kiri melalui VSD sesuai dengan perbedaan tekanan yang ada.

Inefektif pola nafas berhubungan dengan penurunan alian darah ke pulmonal b. Beberapa kelainan bawaan merupakan penyakit keturunan yang diwariskan melalui gen yang abnormal dari salah satu atau kedua orang tua.

Incidence of neurological complications of tetarlogi for congenital heart disease. The deletion, manifested by varying degrees of palatal abnormalities, dysmorphic facies, learning disabilities, immune deficiencies, and hypocalcaemia, is frequently referred to as the DiGeorge Syndrome.

Konsep-Askep Tetralogi of Fallot – PDF Free Download

Tetralogy of Fallot in Adults Documents. Episodes of acute hypoxia from infundibular spasm are life threatening. Mengenalkan anak dan keluarga dengan peralatan dan prosedur Post operasi: Uplifted apex and absence of pulmonary artery segment typifies the “coeur en sabot” ie, boot-shaped heart of tetralogy of Fallot.

Aortopulmonary view angiogram, with injection in the descending thoracic aorta demonstrating multiple aortopulmonary collaterals supplying pulmonary blood flow. Population based study of antenatal detection of congenital heart disease by ultrasound examination. Tetralogy of Fallot occurs in approximately 5 out of 10, infants. Most patients who undergo placement of a right ventricle to pulmonary conduit will require one or more conduit replacements, secondary to progressive conduit stenosis or insufficiency.

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The right ventricle is more muscular than normal and may also be dilated. Cytogenetic analysis may demonstrate deletions of a segment of chromosome band 22q11 DiGeorge critical region.

Konsep-Askep Tetralogi of Fallot

InFallot described the anatomy as consisting of a subaortic ventricular septal defect VSDright ventricular infundibular stenosis, aortic valve positioned to override the right ventricle, and right ventricular hypertrophy RVH.

The star shows the connection between one of the collateral arteries and the intrapericardial pulmonary arteries.

The task of the clinician is to display the supply of the various collateral arteries and their communications with the intrapericardial pulmonary arteries. Afllot juga mungkin tertunda pada pasien yang tidak menjalani operasi. Pertahankan status pernafasan c.

In general, patients who are referred for foetal echocardiography with a suspicion of tetralogy of Fallot have the most severe phenotypes [ 23 ]. The degree of stenosis created can be exacerbated by catecholamines, or a state of low intravascular volume, predisposing the patients to sudden and acute episodes of desaturation known as hypercyanotic spells [ 910 ].

Melalui vena umbilikalis dan duktus venosus, darah mengalir ke dalam vena cafa inferior, bercampur darah yang kembali dari bagian bawah tubuh PaO2 sekitar mmHgmasuk atrium kanan di mana aliran darah dari vena cafa inferior lewat melalui foramen ovale ke atrium kiri, kemudian ke ventrikel kiri melalui arkus aorta, darah dialirkan ke seluruh tubuh. Referat Tetralogy of Fallot Documents. Intoleransi tetraogi berhubungan dengan ketidakseimbangan antara suplai dan kebutuhan oksigen, kelemahan.

Hypercyanotic spells The hypercyanotic spell [ 910 ] is characterised by a sudden and striking decrease in the saturation of oxygen due to acute and complete, or near complete, obstruction of the subpulmonary outflow tract. Impact of cyanotic heart disease on school performance. A minority of patients have difficulties later in life with heart failure or heart rhythm disorders and may require additional surgery or continued medication.

Inefektif pola nafas berhubungan dengan penurunan aliran darah ke pulmonal Tujuan: Failure to consider the diagnosis, especially in a newborn with cyanosisSpecial Concerns: