The extract of Achillea fragrantissima (Af), which is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of. Authority, (Forssk.) Sch. Bip. Family, Magnoliopsida:Asteridae:Asterales: Compositae. Synonyms, Santolina fragrantissima Forssk. Common names, lavender. The composition of hydro-distilled oils of Achillea fragrantissima inflorescence ( fresh and dry) at the pre- and flowering stages was evaluated by.

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For other uses, see Achillea disambiguation. The genus was named after the Greek mythological character Achilles.

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These plants typically have frilly, hairy, aromatic leaves. Views Read Edit View history.

The neuroinflammatory process plays a central role in the initiation and progression of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases, and involves the activation of brain microglial cells. According to legend, Achilles’ soldiers used yarrow to treat their wounds, [6] hence some of its common acchillea such as allheal and bloodwort.

Sweet Yarrow Achillea ageratum.

Anti-neuroinflammatory effects of the extract of Achillea fragrantissima.

Achillea Asteraceae genera Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus. Achillea species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species – see list of Lepidoptera that feed on Achillea.


Cell viability was assessed using Lactate dehydrogenase LDH activity in the media conditioned by the cells or by the crystal violet cell staining. Nearly 1, names have been published within the genus Achilleaat or below the level of species.

International Association for Plant Taxonomy.

Fernleaf Yarrow Achillea filipendula. Retrieved from ” https: The genus fragrantissia native primarily to Europetemperate areas of Asiaand North America.

Achillea fragrantissima ยท

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This page was last edited on 30 Mayat In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. In the present study, extracts from 66 different desert plants were tested acnillea their effect on lipopolysaccharide LPS – induced production of NO by primary microglial cells.

The extract of Achillea fragrantissima Afwhich is a desert plant that has been used for many years in traditional medicine for the treatment of various diseases, was the most efficient extract, and was further studied for achilkea anti-neuroinflammatory effects in these cells.

Sources differ widely as to which of these should be recognized as species which ones merit subspecies or variety status, and which ones should be relegated to the dustbin of synonymy. The plants show large, flat clusters of small flowers at the top of the achil,ea. The flowers can be white, yellow, orange, pink or red and are generally visited by many insects, and are thus characterised by a generalised pollination system.


In the present study, the ethanolic extract prepared from Af was tested for its anti-inflammatory effects on lipopolysaccharide LPS -activated primary cultures of brain microglial cells.

A number of species – notably A. frabrantissima

Achillea – Wikipedia

Silvery Yarrow Achillea clavenae. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. NO levels secreted by the activate achiloea were measured using Griess reagent, ROS levels were measured by 2’7′-dichlorofluorescein diacetate DCF-DAMMP-9 activity was measured using gel zymography, and the protein levels of the proinflammatory enzymes cyclooxygenase-2 COX-2 and induced nitric oxide synthase iNOS were measured by Western blot analysis.

During the neuroinflammatory process, microglial cells release proinflammatory mediators such as cytokines, matrix metalloproteinases MMPReactive oxygen species ROS and nitric oxide NO.