Percepção de enfermeiras intensivistas de hospital regional sobre distanásia, eutanásia e ortotanásia. Article (PDF Available) · December with 32 Reads. Nenhum enfermeiro soube conceituar eutanásia, metade conceituou distanásia e apenas um terço a ortotanásia. Do total, 65,39% reconhecem algum desses. Eutanasia e distanasia. In Costa, S. I. F., G. Oselka and V. Bottle, eds., Iniciacao a Bioetica. Brasilia: Conselho Federal de Medicina, pp. Mello, A. G.

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In the context of organ donation for organ and tissue transplant this presents no great obstacle: Perception of intensive care nurses in regional hospital on dysthanasia, euthanasia and orthothanasia.

Please review our privacy policy. Another situation linked to end-of-life raises even more complex questions. Palliative care; Nursing care; Bioethics; Intensive care units. Having participated directly in the process of drafting this Code ofone of the authors GO assures that the emphasis of this article is the use of available treatment to benefit the patientwhich in turn does not imply always using all treatments available.

In one of his encyclicals, John Paul II, lucidly and in-depth, clarifies the position with which many patients and doctors certainly agree: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Moritz RD, Pamplona F. Again, to date there have been no cases in common courts of a doctor being denounced, sued or sentenced for this reason.

The key point is to assess — and this is a joint decision between the doctor and the patients or those representing them — over whether a given intervention prolonging life in that case will benefit the patient.


Ethical issues surrounding brain death and end-of-life have not been afforded in Brazil the same attention as in many developed countries.

Orthothanasia | definition of orthothanasia by Medical dictionary

Fear of legal repercussions of suspending or limiting treatment is a more complex discussion. Copyright of Revista de Pesquisa: However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use.

Services on Demand Journal. Cuidado y Fundamental Online and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder’s express written permission. This is apparently the perception of a large proportion of Brazilian doctors. This is particularly true in Brazil with regard to the position of the Catholic Church, recognized as an intransigent advocate of the sacredness of cistanasia.

Find articles by Distanssia Ayer de Oliveira.

This situation is not peculiar to Brazil, it does however appear to be more common among us than in many developed countries. An exploratory and descriptive study of a qualitative nature was carried out through questionnaires applied to eight nurses working in Intensive Care Units.

Find articles by Gabriel Oselka. There appears to be reluctance on the part of Brazilian doctors to limit or suspend procedures or treatment which prolongs life of patients in terminal phases of severe incurable illness, or to suspend the artificial means of supporting vegetative functions in cases of brain death outside the context of organ and tissue donation for transplant. A recent resolution by the Federal Medical Council on end-of-life may offer doctors some guidance and confidence in dealing with highly complex ethical situations.

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The FMC enacted a Resolution in which, upon establishing the criteria for brain death took into consideration that: There are also other important aspects addressed in the resolution. However, eutanssia access to EBSCO’s databases from non-subscribing institutions is not allowed if the purpose of the use is for commercial gain through cost reduction or avoidance for a non-subscribing institution.


Total and irreversible arrest of brain functions are equivalent to death, according to well established criteria by the global scientific community. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer.

End-of-life care in the intensive care unit state of art in Cuidado e Fundamental is the property of Revista de Pesquisa: Euanasia resolution set forth that: However, when brain death is ascertained outside the organ donation context, the situation is radically different. There is a psychological and material burden caused by prolonging the use of extraordinary resources to support vegetative functions in patients with total and irreversible arrest of brain activity.

The themes that emerged from the responses were identified and analyzed based on literature. Support Center Support Center. Any discussion on brain death must take into account the first Brazilian law on transplants which clearly stated that the criteria for defining brain death were to be determined by the Sistanasia Medical Council FMC.

Produção científica de enfermagem acerca da eutanásia: revisão integrativa da literatura

The objective of this study vistanasia to analyze the perception of intensive care nurses on the concepts of dysthanasia, euthanasia and orthothanasia and the possible bioethical implications for care.

Conselho Federal de Medicina. The selected studies did not address only euthanasia but included the end of one’s life, palliative care, dystanasia, orthothanasia, and other actors involved in the decision-making process about one’s death.

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.